Open Access Medical Books

BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS IN PHYTOMEDICINE

 PHYTOMEDICINE
Edited by Iraj Rasooli .

Individuals are increasingly taking personal responsibility over their health, both in 
the prevention and treatment of disease. This is particularly true for a wide variety of 
chronic or incurable diseases such as cancer, diabetes, arthritis or acute illnesses 
readily treated at home like common cold. During the last fifty years the practice of 
herbalism has become mainstream throughout the world. This is due in part to the 
recognition of the value of traditional medical systems, particularly of Asian origin, 
and the identification of medicinal plants from indigenous pharmacopeias that have 
been shown to have significant healing power, either in their natural state or as the 
source of new pharmaceuticals. When mixtures of several crude extracts are used in 
formulations, enhancement of the beneficial effects or greater toxicity is expected 
through either synergistic amplification or diminishment of possible adverse side 
effects. It is also presumed that their combination could prevent the gradual decline in 
efficacy that is frequently observed when single drugs are given over long periods of 
time. Nowadays such remedies can still be found in ethnic and health food stores, but 
are also available in pharmacies and grocery stores. Unfortunately there is no 
universal regulatory system that ensures that these remedies are what they say they 
are, do what is claimed, or most importantly, are safe. Many patients with chronic 
allergic conditions seek complementary and alternative medicine therapies. This trend 
has begun to attract interest from mainstream health care providers and scientific 
investigators and has stimulated government agencies to provide support and 
guidance for the scientific investigation of complementary and alternative medicine.
This effort may lead to improved therapies and better health care/patient outcomes.
This book presents an update on the most promising herbal remedies. The objectives 
of this book were to determine the bioactivities of herbal medicines by giving some 
examples of recent research outputs. Results of this study are aimed toward helping 
avoid potential drug-herb interactions; helping decision makers to decide on the 
proper policies in the medical and the non-medical fields concerning herbal remedies 
and other types of complementary and alternative medicine.

Prof. Iraj Rasooli
Department of Biology,
Shahed University,
Tehran-Qom Express way,
Iran

CONTENTS :

Part 1 Herbal Therapy 1


Chapter 1 Selecting Medicinal Plants for Development of 
Phytomedicine and Use in Primary Health Care 3
Wagner Luiz Ramos Barbosa, Myrth Soares do Nascimento, Lucianna do Nascimento Pinto, Fernando Luiz Costa Maia, Antonio Jorge Ataíde Sousa, José Otávio Carréra Silva Júnior, Maurícia Melo Monteiro and Danilo Ribeiro de Oliveira

Chapter 2 Hepatoprotective Effect of Zanthoxylum armatum DC 25
Nitin Verma and Rattan Lal Khosa

Chapter 3 Current Status: 
Mexican Medicinal Plants with Insecticidal Potential 39
Ludmila Elisa Guzmán-Pantoja, Laura P. Lina-García, Graciela Bustos-Zagal and Víctor M. Hernández-Velázquez

Part 2 Phytochemicals and Bioactive Compounds 67


Chapter 4 Standardization of Herbal Drugs Derivatives 
with Special Reference to Brazilian Regulations 69
Wagner Luiz Ramos Barbosa, Lucianna do Nascimento Pinto, Luiz Cláudio Silva Malheiros, Patricia Miriam Sayuri Sato Barros, Christian Barbosa de Freitas, Jose Otavio Carrera Silva Junior, Sandra Gallori and Franco Francesco Vincieri

Chapter 5 The Phytochemical and In Vitro 
Pharmacological Testing of Maltese Medicinal Plants 93
Everaldo Attard and Pierpaolo Pacioni

Chapter 6 Phytochemicals Components as Bioactive Foods 113
Aicha Olfa Cherif

Chapter 7 Diosgenin, a Steroid Saponin 
Constituent of Yams and Fenugreek: Emerging Evidence for Applications in Medicine 125
Jayadev Raju and Chinthalapally V. Rao

Chapter 8 Polyphenols as Adaptogens – 
The Real Mechanism of the Antioxidant Effect? 143
David E. Stevenson

Chapter 9 Erythrina, 
a Potential Source of Chemicals from the Neotropics 163
R. Marcos Soto-Hernández, Rosario García-Mateos, Rubén San Miguel-Chávez, Geoffrey Kite,
Mariano Martínez-Vázquez and Ana C. Ramos-Valdivia

Chapter 10 Zanthoxylum Genus 
as Potential Source of Bioactive Compounds 185
L. Oscar Javier Patiño, R. Juliet Angélica Prieto and S. Luis Enrique Cuca .


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Published by: younes younes - Monday, January 28, 2013

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