Open Access Medical Books

PARASITOLOGY

PARASITOLOGY
Edited by Mohammad Manjur Shah .

Parasitology can be defined as a discipline that deals with the study of parasites and 
their interactions with their hosts. Parasites may live in (as an intracellular/ 
intercellular parasite) or on the host (as an ectoparasite) without causing any 
discomfort or disease. Such parasites may be regarded as non-pathogenic parasites 
whereas those which cause disease or illness are pathogenic parasites. Pathogenic 
parasites pose numerous threats, not only to humans but also to domesticated animals 
everywhere. The various challenges imposed by these parasites have led to the subject 
attracting the interest of not only parasitologists but also other experts in biology and 
medicine.
The book is mainly intended for biologists in general, zoologists, nematologists, 
parasitologists, microbiologists, medical doctors, pathologists, as well as molecular 
biologists. The book addresses the role of parasitology in medicine and public 
health, while promoting a greater understanding of the intricate issues involving 
parasites and hosts. Recent advances in the basic and applied approaches (including 
research on the genetics of parasites) that are discussed in the book will assist in 
developing chemotherapeutic strategies. World population growth and its impact on 
agriculture and the emerging field of aquaculture also offers parasitologists an 
opportunity to contribute at many different levels of research, including the 
development of new diagnostic tools. Readers of this book can choose a topic of 
their interest among some of the challenging areas of research like physiological 
mechanisms underlying the process of locating intermediate/definitive hosts by 
larval helminth parasites, the physiology of the activation and excystation in many 
parasites, the complex and varied nature of site selection and pattern of migration 
seen within helminthes, the sensory biology of parasites, chemical communication 
between parasites, complex biology of helminth parasites regulated by conserved 
families of developmental hormones, defined media for helminth parasites, the 
excretory systems in acanthocephalans and nematodes, production of vaccines by 
employing recombinant technology, and finally the use of isoenzymes and DNA 
probes accompanied by PCR for diagnosis that could possibly bring more
breakthroughs in parasitology in years to come. 
The book was edited by collecting the expert opinions of the scientific community in 
the field of parasitology from different countries. It presents very interesting and 
important articles on some of the challenging areas of parasitology and its related 
human/animal diseases comprising epidemiology, evolution, and control approach 
involving vaccine development. The entire book contains up-to-date information in 8 
chapters placed under two sections namely A. Medical Parasitology and B. Parasite 
ecology, evolution, morphology, epidemiology and biodiversity. The book is well 
illustrated with line diagrams, colored plates, and colored and black and white 
photomicrographs as graphical representations to help the reader easily understand 
the important information being discussed in the text.
The editor is very thankful to the Publishing Process Managers namely Ms Dragana 
Manestar, Ms Martina Blecic and Ms Natalia Reinic and also to Aleksandar Lazinica, 
CEO for believing me to carry on the task and also giving me co-operation throughout 
the process. Without their initiative and help this book would never have come to 
light. I also wish to thank all the technical staff associated with publication of the book 
(both online and in print edition) for making the task a reality. Numerous suggestions 
from various quarters for improving the book are highly appreciated. I hope this book 
will be useful to a wide range of readers by giving them a better understanding of the 
subject.
Lastly, I would like to thank my wife Ruhana who always supported me whenever I 
got an assignment.

Mohammad Manjur Shah, PhD
DBT-Research Associate
Department of Life Sciences
Manipur University, Canchipur
Imphal,
India

CONTENTS :

Part 1 Medical Parasitology 1

Chapter 1 Tools for Trans-Splicing Drug Interference Evaluation in Kinetoplastid 3
Regina Maria Barretto Cicarelli, Lis Velosa Arnosti, Caroline Cunha Trevelin and Marco Túlio Alves da Silva

Chapter 2 Innovation of the Parasitic Cycle of Coccidioides spp. 29
Bertha Muñoz-Hernández, Ma. De los Angeles Martínez- Rivera, Gabriel Palma-Cortés and Ma. Eugenia Manjarrez

Chapter 3 Biological Control of Parasites 53
Khodadad Pirali-Kheirabadi

Chapter 4 Genotyping of Giardia intestinalis Isolates from Dogs by Analysis of gdh, tpi, and bg Genes 67
Enedina Jiménez-Cardoso, Leticia Eligio-García, Adrian Cortés-Campos and Apolinar Cano-Estrada

Chapter 5 Electrocardiography as a Diagnostic Method for 
Chagas Disease in Patients and Experimental Models 77
Patricia Paglini-Oliva, Silvina M. Lo Presti and H. Walter Rivarola .

Part 2 Parasite Ecology, Evolution, Morphology, Epidemiology and Biodiversiy 93

Chapter 6 Cestode Development Research in China: A Review 95
Gonghuang Cheng

Chapter 7 Soft Ticks as Pathogen Vectors: 
Distribution, Surveillance and Control 125
Raúl Manzano-Román, Verónica Díaz-Martín, José de la Fuente and Ricardo Pérez-Sánchez

Chapter 8 Parasitic Nematodes of some Insects from Manipur, India 163
M. Manjur Shah, N. Mohilal, M. Pramodini and L.Bina .


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