Open Access Medical Books



Edited by K. Subburaj .

358 pages . 

Since its introduction in 1972, X-ray computed tomography (CT) has evolved into an essential diagnostic imaging tool for a continually increasing variety of clinical applications. The original systems were dedicated to head imaging only, but “whole body” systems with larger patient openings became available in the late 1970’s.
Technical advancements in developing high-power x-ray tubes and computing technologies led to two major evolutionary leaps in CT imaging during the past decade.
The first of these occurred in the early 1990’s with the introduction of CT scanners with simultaneous patient translation and data acquisition (“spiral” or “helical”). The second leap occurred mid-decade, with the introduction of multiple row detectors capable of multiple slices per x-ray tube rotation. These advances improved volume coverage and/or longitudinal spatial resolution, and creating new applications that could not have been attempted before, such as CT angiography, virtual endoscopy, CT-guided
surgery/radiation therapy, and computer integrated surgery.
The goal of this book was not simply to summarize currently available CT imaging techniques but also to provide clinical perspectives, advances in hybrid technologies, new applications other than medicine and an outlook on future developments. Major experts in this growing field contributed to this book, which is geared to radiologists, orthopedic surgeons, engineers, and clinical and basic researchers. Each of us has written different part of this book, obviously depending on our areas of expertise. We believe that CT scanning is an effective and essential tools in treatment planning, basic understanding of physiology, and and tackling the ever-increasing challenge of diagnosis in our society.
I would finally like to acknowledge our publishing process manager Davor Vidic’s hard work and support during the preparation of this book.

K. Subburaj, PhD
Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging
University of California, San Francisco


Part 1 of the textbook : Imaging .

 1 State-of-the-Art Multi-Detector CT Angiography 
in Acute Pulmonary Embolism: Technique, Interpretation and Future Perspectives 3 IJC Hartmann, PJ Abrahams-van Doorn and C Schaefer-Prokop

 2 Application of Optical CT Scanning 
in Three-Dimensional Radiation Dosimetry 37 Andy Y. Xu and C. S. Wuu

 3 PET/CT 53 
Joshua D. Schaefferkoetter, Eric R. Carlson and Amy K. LeBlanc

 4 CT Scan of Pediatric Liver Tumors 69 Qian Dong and Jingjing Chen

 5 Cone-Beam Volumetric Imaging 
in Craniofacial Medicine 89 Corega Claudia, Avram Adrian, Nocini Pier Francesco and Bertossi Dario

 6 Medical CT Image Classification 105 
Hongmei Xie

Part 2 : Diagnosis .

 7 Distraction Osteogenesis of the Maxillofacial 
Skeleton: Clinical and Radiological Evaluation 121 Mehmet Cemal Akay

 8 Efficacy of Preoperative CT Imaging 
in Posterior Cervical Spine Surgery 147 Shiro Imagama and Naoki Ishiguro

 9 CT Scanning in Minor Head Injury 161 
Saeed Shoar and Soheil Saadat

 10 Routine CT- Chest in Primary Evaluation of the Major Blunt Trauma Patients; Pros and Cons 177 Abdel-Mohsen M. Hamad

Part 3 : 3D Modelling .

 11 Influence of End-Plates on Biomechanical 
Response of the Human Lumbosacral Segment 187 Vincenzo Moramarco, Claudia Macchia, Carmine Pappalettere and Amaya Pérez del Palomar

 12 Computer-Assisted Visualization 
of Central Lung Tumours Based on 3-Dimensional Reconstruction 205 S. Limmer, C. Stöcker, V. Dicken, S. Kraß, H. Wolken and P. Kujath

 13 CT Scanning and Dental Implant 229 Yeon-Jo Choi, Sang-Ho Jun, Young-Dae Song, Myoung-Woo Chang and Jong-Jin Kwon

 14 Three-Dimensional CT Analysis of Congenital Scoliosis and Kyphosis: A New Classification 251 Shiro Imagama, Noriaki Kawakami and Naoki Ishiguro

Part 4 : Treatment Planning .

 15 Computed Tomography of Osteolysis 
Related to Total Ankle Replacement 275 Ia Kohonen, Helka Koivu, Kimmo Mattilaand Hannu Tiusanen

 16 Cardiac Rhythm Management Device Infections: 
Imaging Examinations to Direct Replacement Timing 289 Michela Casella, Francesco Perna, Antonio Dello Russo, Gemma Pelargonio, Stefano Bartoletti, Lucia Leccisotti, Ghaliah Al-Mohani, Pasquale Santangeli, Luigi Di Biase, Andrea Natale, Fulvio Bellocci and Claudio Tondo

 17 Comparison of Patient Localization Accuracy Between Stereotactic X-Ray Based Setup and Cone Beam CT Based Setup on Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy 299 Naoki Hayashi, Hitoshi Takagi, Shinichi Hashinokuchi, Hiroshi Fujiwara, Hidetoshi Kobayashi, Fumitaka Itoh, Yumi Oie and Hideki Kato

Part 5 : Applications .

 18 CT-Scanning in Forensic Medicine 311 
Peter Mygind Leth

 19 Use of X-Ray Computed Tomography (CT) 
in UK Sheep Production and Breeding 329 L. Bünger, J.M. Macfarlane, N. R. Lambe, J. Conington, K. A. McLean, K. Moore, C.A. Glasbey and G. Simm .

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Published by: Unknown - Thursday, February 21, 2013


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