Open Access Medical Books


Edited by Stefana Petrescu .
448 pages . 

Glycosylation is a post-translational modification of proteins occurring through the covalent attachment of glycans to the polypeptide chains during their maturation events. Affecting more then 70% of the eukariotic proteins, glycosylation is one of the most fascinating cellular processes in terms of its consequences upon the protein function. Normally exposed at the protein surface, glycans may protect proteins from denaturation or proteases attack securing their functional integrity in tissues or may act as targets for various biological recognition events. In the absence of glycosylation, some therapeutical recombinant proteins were reported to lose specificity of function.
A lot of effort has been made to discover the glycosylation signature in the DNA sequence, to uncover the structural diversity of glycans in various organisms and to understand the way this post-translational process may determine the fate of a protein.
This book, outlining the concepts of glycobiology, is a suite of reviews and articles written by a team of acknowledged researchers and covers some of the key topics in the field.
The fundamentals of the N-glycosylation process occurring within the endoplasmic reticulum, together with the role of bioinformatics in understanding the process, with emphasis on the definition and role of the glycosylation sequon for glycoprotein function are presented. The reader is further introduced to the NMR spectroscopy described here as a tool for understanding glycobiology at a molecular level, but also for medical application related to glycosylated biomarkers in disease. An important chapter of the structural biology section deals with the most advanced methods developed to produce highly homogenous glycoforms for crystalisation studies using various expression systems.
The increasing interest in the cell biology of glycosylation is reflected in an interesting approach regarding a role of glycosylation in the intracellular transport of amyloids and the dynamics of amyloid formation. In the same section, we address the role of glycosylation in modulating the functions of glycoproteins, in particular receptor signaling and the sorting of proteoglycans in specialised cells.
Considering the growing knowledge in the multiple glycoforms discovered recently in both eukariotes and prokariotes, several chapters dealing with the diversity of glycosylation, as well as new functions of some toxins as glycosylating enzymes are also included in this book.
A biomedical application of acquiring in depth knowledge of glycosylation principles is the formulation of pharmaceutically active proteins. The glycosylation of recombinant proteins and the generation of sialylated monoclonal antibodies with specific therapeutic goals is presented in a dedicated section.
Covering a wide range of theoretical and practical issues in the field of glycobiology, the Glycosylation book will be of immediate value for students, academics and researchers involved in drug glycoengineering and biomedical research.
I would like to acknowledge and thank all authors for their contribution in writing the book and Mr. Vedran Greblo and his team for their technical guidance.

Sefana Petrescu, Ph.D
Director of Institute of Biochemistry, 
Romanian Academy, Bucharest,


Section 1 : Glycosylation and Structure .

  1 The Structural Assessment of Glycosylation Sites Database - SAGS – An Overall View on N-Glycosylation 3 Marius D. Surleac, Laurentiu N. Spiridon, Robi Tacutu, Adina L Milac, Stefana M. Petrescu and Andrei-J Petrescu

  2 Beyond the Sequon: 
Sites of N-Glycosylation 21 Benjamin Luke Schulz

  3 Structural Biology of Glycoproteins 41 Joanne E. Nettleship

  4 Unravelling Glycobiology by NMR Spectroscopy 63 Vitor H. Pomin

Section 2 : Systems Glycosylation .

  5 Distribution, Characterization of 
Mycobacterial Glycolipids and Host Responses 101 Nagatoshi Fujiwara

  6 Flagellar Glycosylation: Current Advances 127 
Jumpei Hayakawa and Morio Ishizuka

  7 Glycosylating Toxin of Clostridium perfringens 153 
Masahiro Nagahama, Masataka Oda and Keiko Kobayashi

  8 N-Glycosylation of 
the 66-kDa Cell-Wall Glycoprotein of a Red Microalga 173 Oshrat Levy-Ontman

Section 3 : Glycosylation and Disease .

  9 Alpha-1-Acid Glycoprotein (AGP) 
as a Potential Biomarker for Breast Cancer 201 Kevin D. Smith, Jennifer Behan, Gerardine Matthews-Smith and Anthony M. Magliocco

  10 Plant-Derived Agents with Anti-Glycation Activity 223 
Mariela Odjakova, Eva Popova, Merilin Al Sharif and Roumyana Mironova

Section 4 of : Cell Biology of Glycosylation .

  11 Impact of Yeast Glycosylation Pathway 
on Cell Integrity and Morphology 259 Anna Janik, Mateusz Juchimiuk, Joanna Kruszewska, Jacek Orłowski, Monika Pasikowska and Grażyna Palamarczyk

  12 The Role of Glycosylation in Receptor Signaling 273 
Brian J. Arey

  13 The Role of O-Linked -N-Acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) 
Modification in Cell Signaling 287 Paula Santoyo-Ramos, María Cristina Castañeda-Patlán and Martha Robles-Flores

  14 The Role of Glycans in Apical Sorting 
of Proteins in Polarized Epithelial Cells 301 Kristian Prydz, Gro Live Fagereng and Heidi Tveit

  15 The Role of Glycosylation in the 
Control of Processing and Cellular Transport of the Functional Amyloid PMEL17 327 Julio C. Valencia and Vincent J. Hearing

Section 5 : Glycoengineering and Therapy .

   16 Application of Quality by Design Paradigm 
to the Manufacture of Protein Therapeutics 353 Ioscani Jimenez del Val, Philip M. Jedrzejewski, Kealan Exley, Si Nga Sou, Sarantos Kyriakopoulos, Karen M. Polizzi and Cleo Kontoravdi

  17 Production of Highly Sialylated Monoclonal Antibodies 397 
Céline Raymond, Anna Robotham, John Kelly, Erika Lattová, Hélène Perreault and Yves Durocher

  18 Glycoengineered Yeast as an Alternative Monoclonal 
Antibody Discovery and Production Platform 419 Dongxing Zha .

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Published by: Unknown - Saturday, February 16, 2013

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