Open Access Medical Books



Edited by Michael Fitzgerald .

194 pages . 
Open Access . 

There is no doubt that the technological and scientific progress of homosapiens has been hastened by persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders (Fitzgerald 2000 (a & b) 2004, 2005).
Spikins in her chapter illustrates the Stone Age origins of autism with reference to the archaeological record and the Palaeolithic record. It is of critical importance to pay attention to the positive aspects of autism.
The study of attitudes of people towards autism is of critical importance as the issue of a stigma is still very prevalent in all countries even more so in non-western countries. Karni-VizerNirit et al describes the attitudes towards autism among Israeli Arab teachers of college students. They are particularly focused on inclusion. Interest in religious faith gave some mothers strength. Coulthard and myself demonstrated this also some years ago (Coulthard and Fitzgerald 1979, 1999). This study was also done on mothers of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Autism Spectrum Disorder is a brain based disorder. Francisco et al discusses the critical importance of cortical modularity and information processing. They emphasise the smaller than normal mini columns and deficient cerebral cortical GABAergic inhibitory neurotransmission.
The issue of the mini columns also came up in a paper by Casanova et al 2007 in relation to creativity. McFadden et al have written a complimentary chapter on the electrophysiology of autism. Indeed they point out that EEC studies in the future may help clinicians to separate high-risk infants from typically developing infants. In terms of medical treatment Dodig-Curkovic et al provide a comprehensive overview of medical treatment and autism. It is often necessary to use medications in persons with autism.
Problems in toilet training are very common in autistic children. Yip et al explored this from the sensory experience point of view in persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders. They propose a putative sensory-neural understanding of the toilet training resistant cohort. Boso et al describes the recovery orientation of a farm community for persons with severe autism.
Farm communities have considerable history for example in Ireland there was one developed by the Irish Society for Autism and Pat Matthews. These communities provide impressive quality of life for persons with autism. Boso et al also described data using the Developing Recovery Enhancing Environment Measures-Italian Version.
It is well know that persons with ASD get into difficulties with the law (Fitzgerald 2010) and that there are higher rates of persons with ASD in prison than in the community. Freckelton provides a very useful chapter from the court perspective of the forensic issues in relation to Autism Spectrum Disorders. This gives a unique insight into a complex topic.
There are a relative paucity of papers on architecture on autism. Persons with autism are very sensitive to the built environment and sensory issues are particularly relevant here. The chapter by Segado Vazquez makes particularly interesting reading.
There is an overlap between autism and schizophrenia (Fitzgerald 2012) - the view that they were separate is incorrect. It is disappointing that there is no biological marker for ASD and that genetics has no influence on the treatment of ASD which is an extremely complex disorder.
Genes have multiple affects and often can give the features of ASD and creativity at the same time. It is important that the positive as well as the disability elements are discussed with families.
While the vast majority of persons with autism are highly moral and ethical, a tiny group can get involved in serious crime e.g. school shootings, multiple murders etc. (Fitzgerald 2003, 2005 (a), 2005 (b), 2010). It is critical to take this group seriously and to take their threats seriously to avoid a public catastrophe as we have seen in many countries.

Professor Michael Fitzgerald
Consultant Child & Adult Psychiatrist
Trinity College, Dublin


Section 1 Evolution .

1 The Stone Age Origins of Autism 3 
Penny Spikins

Section 2 Attitudes to Autism .

2 Attitudes Towards Autism Among Israeli Arab Teachers' 
College Students 27 
Karni-Vizer Nirit and Reiter Shunit

Section 3 Brain and Autism .

3 The Role of Cortical Modularity in Tactile Information 
Processing: An Approach to Measuring Information Processing 
Deficits in Autism 47 
Eric Francisco, Oleg Favorov and Mark Tommerdahl

4 Electrophysiology of Autism 73 
Kristina L. McFadden and Donald C. Rojas

Section 4 Treatment .

5 The Sensory Experience of Toilet Training and Its Implications 
for Autism Intervention 105 
Jane Yip, Betsy Powers and Fengyi Kuo

6 The Recovery Orientation of a Farm Community for Severe 
Autism — Data from the DREEM-IT (Developing Recovery 
Enhancing Environment Measures — Italian Version) 129 
Marianna Boso, Enzo Emanuele, Elizabeth Barron, Noemi Piaggi, 
Giulia Scanferla, Matteo Rocchetti, Umberto Provenzani, Davide 
Broglia, Paolo Orsi, Roberto Colombo, Sara Pesenti, Marta De Giuli, 
Elena Croci, Stefania Ucelli, Francesco Barale, Jenny Secker and 
Pierluigi Politi

7 The Medical Treatment of Autism Disorders 137 
Katarina Dodig-Ćurković, Mario Ćurković and Josipa Radić

Section 5 The Law and Autism .

8 Forensic Issues in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Learning from 
Court Decisions 157 
Ian Freckelton

Section 6 Architecture and Autism .

9 Autism and Architecture 177 
Francisco Segado Vázquez and Alejandra Segado Torres .


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Published by: younes younes - Friday, March 15, 2013


  1. Thanks for this blog information about books of Autism Spectrum Disorder. These book are very helpful to many people.