Open Access Medical Books

TEXTBOOK : MEDICAL IMAGING

MEDICAL IMAGING

Edited by Okechukwu Felix Erondu .

412 pages . 
Open access .

Medical imaging was primarily seen as the use of non-invasive techniques to create internal images of the human body for clinical or medical purposes. This rapidly evolving field of medicine originated in the first decade of the 19th century, when Wilhelm Röntgen, a professor of physics at Würzburg University in Germany, discovered electromagnetic radiation. After the World War Two, the development of computer technology has triggered an amazing revolution in medical imaging techniques.
What we know about and do with medical imaging has changed tremendously over the past decade, beginning with the basics, following with the breakthroughs, and moving on to the abstract.
There is a continuous drive not only to improve the diagnostic yield of medical imaging techniques for clinical use, but also the management of the huge amount of digital information available to medical imaging departments. Today there is an increasing interest to harness medical imaging processes to improve research in the biophysical domain.
Medical imaging has experienced tremendous progress during the past decade. Continuous innovations have been fueled by the need to improve diagnostic yield and achieve fast turnaround through robust information management, which should ultimately improve patient outcome. The rapid changes in digital technology have also created opportunities for the development of high-tech equipment employed in medical imaging practice.
Incidentally, these changes tend to revolve around key modalities such as radiography, computed tomography, scintigraphy, magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound. In many instances, one modality tends to augment the limitations associated with others. This book approaches the concept of medical imaging from a wider perspective not considered by many authors in this area. It consists of four sections and eighteen chapters and topics.
The first section deals with basic concepts such as identification of structures in medical images, 3D image segmentation, image analysis, texture analysis, radiation protection and simulations.
Section two concentrates on the image processing techniques, quality metrics as well as tools required to optimize patient processes.
Section three deals with applications of medical techniques in clinical settings, while the last section explores the advances made in this area including PET/CT hybrid technique, optical imaging thermography, mitosis detection, phase contrast microscopy and use in image-guided surgery.
It is hoped that this book bridges the gap between the core clinical books reserved for medical diagnosis and the wide ranging possibilities in the field of biological research.
It is a must-read for all practitioners and researchers interested in medical imaging.
This book is an attempt to present the old, understand the current and appreciate the great advancements into the future of medical imaging. It will be an invaluable resource to those interested in history, clinical applications and unlimited horizons presented by medical imaging science.
My acknowledgement goes to all the authors, who have made scholarly contributions to the book from diverse backgrounds. I am also grateful and indebted to the publishing process managers Bojana Zelenika and Marija Radja for carefully directing the editorial process and for their patience even when I couldn’t meet the scheduled timeline.

Felix Okechukwu Erondu Ph.D
Adjunct Senior Lecturer in Radiography and Medical Imaging
University of Nigeria
Nigeria
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CONTENTS :


Part 1 Basic Concepts in Medical Imaging .


1 Identification of Structures in Medical Images 3 
Marina de Sá Rebelo, Sérgio Shiguemi Furuie, Lincoln de Assis Moura Jr, Eduardo Tavares Costa and Marco Antonio Gutierrez

2 Detection of Abnormalities in a Biological Tissue by 
Diffuse Optical Tomography: A Computational Study 27 H. Trabelsi, M. Gantri and E. Sediki

3 3D Ultrasound Image Segmentation: 
Interactive Texture-Based Approaches 43 Julien Olivier and Ludovic Paulhac

4 Radiation Protection in Medical Imaging 67
Horaţiu Colosi, Dan Colosi, Vlad Mureşan and Marius Roman


Part 2 Image Processing Techniques .


5 Current Trends in Archiving and Transmission 
of Medical Images 89 Luís S. Ribeiro, Carlos Costa and José Luís Oliveira

6 Large-Scale User Facility Imaging and Scattering Techniques 
to Facilitate Basic Medical Research 107 Stephen D. Miller, Jean-Christophe Bilheux, Shaun S. Gleason, Trent L. Nichols, Philip R. Bingham and Mark L. Green

7 Tools to Improve the Patient’s Processes 
at Imaging Centers 135 Liliana Neriz and Francisco J. Ramis

8 High to Microwave Frequencies Imaging Techniques 147
George A. Kyriacou, Ilias N. Aitidis, Dimitrios G. Drogoudis and John N. Sahalos

9 A Mutual Information-Based Image Quality Metric 
for Medical Imaging Systems 195 Du-Yih Tsai, Eri Matsuyama and Yongbum Lee


Part 3 Applications in Clinical Settings .


10 Diagnostic Imaging in Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology 215 
Hasan Ayberk Altug and Aydin Ozkan

11 Fast MRI Methods for the Clinical Evaluation 
of Skeletal Disorders 239 Renato Toffanin, Giuseppe Guglielmi and Maria A. Cova

12 Determination of Cardiac Ejection Fraction by 
Electrical Impedance Tomography 253 Franciane C. Peters, Luis Paulo da S. Barra and Rodrigo W. dos Santos

13 Assessment of Human Skin Microcirculation and Its Endothelial Function Using Laser Doppler Flowmetry 271 Helena Lenasi

14 Determination of Limb Hemodynamics During Rhythmical 
Muscle Contractions Assessed by Doppler Ultrasound 297 Takuya Osada and Göran Rådegran

Part 4 Advances in Medical Imaging Techniques .


15 Current State of the PET/CT Hybrid Technique 
and Clinical Indications 311 Patricia Carreño-Morán and María de las Nieves Gómez León

16 Advances in Medical Imaging 
Applied to Bone Metastases 339 Àngel González-Sistal, Alicia Baltasar Sánchez, Michel Herranz Carnero and Álvaro Ruibal Morell

17 A Hierarchical Framework for Mitosis Detection in 
Time-Lapse Phase Contrast Microscopy Image Sequences of Stem Cell Populations 355 Anan Liu, Kang Li and Tong Hao

18 Safety of Interactive Image-Guided Surgery 373 
Alain Beaulieu .


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