Open Access Medical Books

TEXTBOOK : DYSLIPIDEMIA - FROM PREVENTION TO TREATMENT

DYSLIPIDEMIA

Edited by Roya Kelishadi .

Open Access . 
480 pages .


The term dyslipidemia origins from dys- + lipid (fat) + -emia (in the blood), and essentially refers to serum lipid disorders. By definition, dyslipidemia is a disorder of lipoprotein metabolism in terms of either lipoprotein overproduction or deficiency. It may be expressed by increased serum total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and/or triglycerides, a decrease in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration, and/or various combinations of such disorders.
Lipoproteins, which contain lipids and proteins (apolipoproteins), are mainly responsible for transporting plasma lipids from the intestines and liver to peripheral tissues.
Dyslipidemia has a complex pathophysiology consisting of various genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors. It has many adverse health impacts, and has a pivotal role in the development of chronic non-communicable diseases.
Significant ethnic differences exist due to the prevalence and types of lipid disorders. While elevated serum total and LDL-cholesterol are the main concern in Western populations, in other countries hypertriglyceridemia and low HDLcholesterol are more prevalent. The latter types of lipid disorders are considered as components of the metabolic syndrome, which is a clustering of dyslipidemia, hypertension, dysglycemia, and obesity. The rapid escalating trend of obesity at global level, which is associated with obesogenic milieus through high-calorie intake and sedentary lifestyle, as well as the environmental factors, will result in increasing prevalence of dyslipidemia, and will make it a global medical and public health threat. 
This situation is not limited to adults, and the pediatric age group is being involved more and more. The results of longitudinal studies support the association of risk factors cluster in children and adolescents with future chronic diseases.
However, the processes by which lipids and lipoproteins participate in the development of non-communicable diseases at different life stages continue to be an area of controversy. Several experimental and clinical research studies are being conducted regarding issues related to the underlying mechanisms and therapeutic modalities.

The current book is providing a general overview of dyslipidemia from diverse aspects of pathophysiology, ethnic differences, prevention, health hazards, and treatment.

Prof. Roya Kelishadi
Faculty of Medicine & Child Health Promotion Research Center,
Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan,
Iran


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CONTENTS : 




 1 Obesity Related Lipid Profile and Altered Insulin Incretion in Adolescent with Policystic Ovary Syndrome 1 Annamaria Fulghesu and Roberta Magnini

 2 Ethnic Difference in Lipid Profiles 15 Lei Zhang, Qing Qiao and Yanhu Dong

 3 Nutrigenetics and Dyslipidemia 41 Maryam Shalileh

 4 Impact of Climate Change and Air Pollution on Dyslipidemia and the Components of Metabolic Syndrome 73 Roya Kelishadi and Parinaz Poursafa

 5 Dyslipidemia and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Implications and Role of Antiplatelet Agents in
Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease 79 Hasniza Zaman Huri

 6 Dyslipidemia: Genetics and Role in the Metabolic Syndrome 93 Nora L. Nock and Aiswarya L.P. Chandran Pillai

7 Functions of OSBP/ORP Family Proteins and Their Relation to Dyslipidemia 127 Hiroshi Koriyama, Hironori Nakagami, Tomohiro Katsuya and Ryuichi Morishita

 8 Adipose Tissue and Skeletal Muscle Plasticity in Obesity and Metabolic Disease 141 Jozef Ukropec and Barbara Ukropcova

 9 Pleiotropic Functions of HDL Lead to Protection from Atherosclerosis and Other Diseases 173
Vassilis Zannis, Andreas Kateifides, Panagiotis Fotakis, Eleni Zanni and Dimitris Kardassis

 10 Disrupted VLDL Features and Lipoprotein Metabolism in Sepsis 199 Patricia Aspichueta, Nerea Bartolomé, Xabier Buqué, María José Martínez, Begoña Ochoa and Yolanda Chico

 11 Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor β/δ (PPAR β/δ) as a Potential Therapeutic Target for Dyslipidemia 215 Emma Barroso, Lucía Serrano-Marco, Laia Salvadó, Xavier Palomer and Manuel Vázquez-Carrera

 12 Liver Glucokinase and Lipid Metabolism 235 Anna Vidal-Alabró, Andrés Méndez-Lucas, Jana Semakova, Alícia G. Gómez-Valadés and Jose C. Perales

 13 Liver Sinusoidal Endothelial Cells and Regulation of Blood Lipoproteins 263 Dmitri Svistounov, Svetlana N. Zykova, Victoria C. Cogger, Alessandra Warren, Aisling C. McMahon, Robin Fraser and David G. Le Couteur

 14 Dyslipidemia and Cardiovascular Risk: Lipid Ratios as Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease 279 Telmo Pereira

 15 Dyslipidemia and Cardiovascular Disease 303 Hossein Fakhrzadeh and Ozra Tabatabaei-Malazy

 16 Cardiovascular Risk in Tunisian Patients with Bipolar I Disorder 321 Asma Ezzaher, Dhouha Haj Mouhamed, Anwar Mechri, Fadoua Neffati, Wahiba Douki, Lotfi Gaha and Mohamed Fadhel Najjar

 17 Dyslipidemia and Mental Illness 349 D. Saravane

 18 Dyslipidemia Induced by Stress 367 Fernanda Klein Marcondes, Vander José das Neves, Rafaela Costa, Andrea Sanches, Tatiana Sousa Cunha, Maria José Costa Sampaio Moura, Ana Paula Tanno and Dulce Elena Casarini

19 Cholesterol and Triglycerides Metabolism Disorder in Malignant Hemopathies 391 Romeo-Gabriel Mihăilă

 20 Lipids in the Pathogenesis of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Emerging Connections 411 Ajit Vikram and Poduri Ramarao

 21 Dyslipidemia in Patients with Lipodystrophy in the Use of Antiretroviral Therapy 427 Rosana Libonati, Cláudia Dutra, Leonardo Barbosa, Sandro Oliveira, Paulo Lisbôa and Marcus Libonati

 22 Fenofibrate: Panacea for Aging-Related Conditions? 447 Makoto Goto

 23 Predictors of the Common Adverse Drug Reactions of Statins 459 Hadeer Akram AbdulRazzaq, Noorizan Abd Aziz, Yahaya Hassan, Yaman Walid Kassab and Omar Ismail .





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