Open Access Medical Books

TEXTBOOK : TOPICS IN OSTEOPOROSIS

OSTEOPOROSIS

Edited by Margarita Valdés-Flores .

288 pages .
Open Access .


In the last decades the world has faced several epidemic health problems; among them are osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, diabetes mellitus, obesity and cardiovascular diseases. All these diseases share characteristics as their multifactorial and polygenic origin and the extensive involvement of the environment in their etiology strongly associated with the actual lifestyle (bad dietary habits, sedentary life and eating disorders, among others). At present, the above mentioned diseases do not exclusively affect elderly people and are currently afflicting young adults and even children, obligating us to intensify our efforts to prevent them.
The progressive loss of bone mineral density and bone microarchitecture deterioration in osteoporosis, promote the occurrence of fractures which can develop complications and disabilities and imply high costs to the healthcare services. There is no doubt that the efforts should focus on prevention and on strengthening of programs directed toward protecting and improving the bone health to induce bone mass gain in early stages of life and to limit the potential risks related with the onset of the disease. Actually a great number of investigations throughout the world continuously contribute with information about functioning of bone tissue and the physiopathology of osteoporosis which enable researchers to explore new therapeutic possibilities in bone resorption disorders.

Dr. Margarita Valdés-Flores
Genetics Unit, National Institute of Rehabilitation,
Health Secretary (Secretaria de Salud),
Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Autónoma Mexico
Mexico D.F.

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CONTENTS OF THE TEXTBOOK : 




 1 Molecular Aspects of Bone Remodeling 1 Alma Y. Parra-Torres, Margarita Valdés-Flores, Lorena Orozco and Rafael Velázquez-Cruz

 2 Genetic Diseases Related with Osteoporosis 29 Margarita Valdés-Flores, Leonora Casas-Avila and Valeria Ponce de León-Suárez

 3 Serum Leptin and Bone Turnover Markers in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis 67 Mehreen Lateef, Mukhtiar Baig and Abid Azhar

 4 Modification of Sex Hormones with RGD-Peptide: A Strategy of Improving HRT and Other Secondary Osteoporosis Therapy 87 Ming Zhao, Yuji Wang, Jianhui Wu and Shiqi Peng

 5 Oxidative Stress and Antioxidants in the Risk of Osteoporosis — Role of the Antioxidants Lycopene and Polyphenols 117 L.G. Rao and A.V. Rao

 6 Pathogenesis, Clinical Diagnosis and Treatment, and Animal Models for Ckd-Mbd 163 Yan Zhang and Yoseph Asmelash Gebru

 7 Osteoporosis and Nutrition — Nutrition, Anthropometry and Bone Mineral Density in Women 179 Olga Cvijanović, Sandra Pavičić Žeželj, Silvija Lukanović, Nenad Bićanić, Robert Domitrović, Dragica Bobinac and Željka Crnčević Orlić

 8 Bone Mineral Density and High-Performance Aerobic Activity in Older Adults Experience in Brazil 193 Luiz Eugênio Garcez Leme and Maria do Carmo Sitta

 9 Influence of the Nutrition on Bone Health of Children and Adolescents 207 Emilio González-Jiménez

 10 The Effectiveness of Progressive Load Training Associated to the Proprioceptive Training for Prevention of Falls in Women with Osteoporosis 215 Lucas Teixeira, Stella Peccin, Kelson Silva, Tiago Teixeira, Aline Mizusaki Imoto, Joelma Magalhães and Virgínia Trevisani

 11 Anabolic Agents as New Treatment Strategy in Osteoporosis 241 Tulay Okman-Kilic and Cengiz Sagiroglu

 12 Osteoporosis in Spaceflight 259 Satoshi Iwase, Naoki Nishimura and Tadaaki Mano





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