Open Access Medical Books

TEXTBOOK : ADVANCED LAPAROSCOPY

LAPAROSCOPY

Edited by Ali Shamsa .

Open Access .
202 pages .

The twentieth century was one of medical wonders. In the beginning of the century, the greatest surgeon was the one who placed the greatest concentration on the meaning of medical operations—he who inflicted the great surgery—the great incision.
But by the end of the century the greatest surgeon was the person who used the smallest incision for his surgical operations (the smaller the incision the greater the surgeon). Especially since this method could have the same results as the former methods of surgery, with a shorter duration of recovery and patient's hospitalization needed.
The greatest surgeons, such as my mentor, Professor J.P. Blandy from the United Kingdom, with his generalization of TURP, and his compatriot Prof. John Wickham in developing PNL and laparoscopy, and even robotic laparoscopy, have progressed in great strides. We witnessed the big bang of laparoscopy in 1991 with the laparoscopic nephrectomy done by Ralph Clayman and his Iranian compatriot Louis Kavousi.
Clayman himself, in his lecture at the World congress for endourology in 2008, addressed and explained the struggles and hardships that existed in the newly discovered scientific course for carrying out laparoscopic nephrectomy.
The media had difficulties in promoting laparascopy. Prof. D.D. Gour from Bombay was the first person who innovated retroperitoneoscopy and showed us that even if a little more difficult, it was a less dangerous option for kidney and adrenal laparascopy. Today, as we have reached the end of first decade of the 21st Century, we are confronted with new progress in laparoscopic methods like performing laparoscopy through the orifices of the human body such as the mouth or vagina, and da Vinci robotic laparoscopy.
Have all the problems of human limb surgery been solved by laparoscopy? Is it possible to apply laparascopy to every surgical operation? The answers are negative! In urology there is a total use of laparoscopy of the upper urogenital tract, kidneys and adrenal glands (adrenalectomy, nephrectomy, and pyeloplasty, partial nephrectomy), but there is no common agreement on prostate and/or vesico ureteral reflux, for example. The present book, published by InTech, has been written by a number of highly outstanding authors from al over the world. Every author provides information concerning treatment of different diseases. based on his or her knowledge, experience and skills. Most of the chapters are very useful and innovative to me as to a reader.
This book is not merely devoted to urology sciences. There are also clear results and conclusions on the treatment of many diseases, for example well-differentiated papillary mesothelioma. The chapter “The Impact of Visceral Fat Accumulation on Laparoscopy-Assisted Distal Gastrectomy” and other chapters vastly contribute to the practice of laparoscopy in urology and other areas. We should not forget nor neglect that laparoscopy is in use more extensively than before, and it is hoped that in the future new subjects such as use of laparascopy in treatment of kidney cysts, simple nephrectomy, pyeloplasty, donor nephrectomy and even robotic laparoscopy will be researched further.
In the end I have to thank the InTech staff, specially Mrs. Natalia Reinic and Mr. Niksa Mandic, two kind friends who have always helped me and granted me the honor of editing this book.

Ali Shamsa, M.D.
Professor of Urology and Kidney Tx
Mashhad University of Sciences, Iran
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CONTENTS OF THE TEXTBOOK : 


 1 Risks Associated with Laparoscopic Surgery 1 Tülün Öztürk

 2 Laparoscopy in Children and Infants 27 Ngozi Joy Nwokoma and Thomas Tsang

 3 Laparoscopic Hernia Repair in Neonates, Infants and Children 47 Yaron Armon and Dan Arbell

 4 Laparoscopy-Assisted One-Stage Trans-Scrotal Orchiopexy Applicable to All Types of Maldescended Testes 55 Masao Endo, Miwako Nakano, Toshihiko Watanabe, Michinobu Ohno, Fumiko Yoshida and Etsuji Ukiyama

 5 Laparoscopy for the Undescended Testes 67 Nerli R. B., Reddy M. N. and Hiremath M.B.

 6 Absent or Non Descent of the Testis 79 Mohamed Amin El Gohary

 7 Laparoscopy for Impalpable Testes 95 Ahmed Khairi

 8 Transubilical Laparoscopically Assisted Pediatric Surgery 105 Stjepan Visnjic

 9 Laparoscopic Varicocelectomy 119 Ali Shamsa

 10 Radiofrequency Ablation of Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Systematic Review 127 Seong Kuk Yoon

 11 Port-Site Metastasis Following Laparoscopic Surgery 137 Terence C. Chua, Tristan D. Yan, David L. Morris and Paul H. Sugarbaker

 12 Transarterial Chemoembolization Prior to Early Hepatocellular Carcinoma Laparoscopic Resection in Patients with Child A Cirrhosis 149 Ricardo Robles, Caridad Marín and Pascual Parrilla

 13 The Impact of Visceral Fat Accumulation on Laparoscopy- Assisted Distal Gastrectomy for Early Gastric Cancer 159 Junji Ueda, Hitoshi Ichimiya and Masao Tanaka

 14 Small Bowel Obstruction After Laparoscopic Roux – En - Y Gastric Bypass 167 Hugo Sánchez and Miguel F Herrera

 15 Laparoscopy and Well-Differentiated Papillary Mesothelioma of the Peritoneum 179 María Eugenia Aponte-Rueda, Ramón Saade-Cárdenas and Salvador Navarrete-Aulestia .




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