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INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY – MATERIALS SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY – MATERIALS SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

Edited by Theophile Theophanides .

Open Access .
524 pages .
ISBN 978-953-51-0537-4 .


This book has been written in response to a need for the edition of a book to support the advances that have been made in Infrared Spectroscopy. It aims to provide a comprehensive review of the most up-to-date knowledge on the advances of infrared spectroscopy in the materials science.
50 years have passed since I have been dealing with the first infrared spectrum when working on my PhD thesis at the University of Toronto. Infrared spectroscopy has developed since into a major field of study with far reaching scientific implications.
Topics such as brain activity, chemical research and spectral analyses on cereals, plants and fruits which haven't been discussed 50 years ago, now present major fields in the discipline. More traditional topics such as infrared spectra of gases and materials have also been placed on firmer foundations.
The method of infrared (IR) spectroscopy, discovered in 1835 has so far produced a wealth of information on the architecture of matter in our planet and even in the far away stars. Infrared spectroscopy is a powerful technique that allows us to learn more about the structure of materials and their identification and characterization. This study is based on the interaction of electromagnetic (EM) radiation with matter. The EM radiation has energy states comparable to the vibrational energy states of the molecules. These states are included in the energy region between 14000 cm-1and 100 cm-1 of the Electromagnetic Radiation, which is divided in three sub-regions called 1) NEAR-IR, o r NIRS 2) MID-IR or MIRS and 3) FAR-IR. or FIRS:
The book contains 3 sections, which regroup the 26 chapters covering Infrared spectroscopy applied in all the above three regions. Section 1: Minerals and Glasses contains 8 chapters ,which describe the applications of IR in identifying amorphous phases of materials, glasses, rocks and minerals, catalysts, as well as peat and in reaction processes. Section 2: Polymers and Biopolymers deals especially with the characterization and evaluation of polymers and biopolymers using as a tool the IR technique. Finally, the last section 3: Materials Technology is concerned with research in FT-IR studies, in particular for characterization purposes and coupled with ATR and fiber optic probes in monitoring reaction intermediates.
The interaction of EM with the vibrational energy states of the molecules gives birth to the IR-spectra in the above three regions. The IR spectra are really the” finger prints” of the materials and the absorption or transmission bands are the “signature bands” that characterize such materials (see Introduction to Infrared Spectroscopy). NIRS has been used also extensively in the food and agriculture industry as well as in pharmaceutical industry and medicine for the past 30 years. Recent technological advances have made NIRS an attractive analytical method to use in several other disciplines as well.
This book may be be a useful survey for those who would like to advance their knowledge in the application of FT-IR for the characterization and structural information of materials in materials science and technology.

Theophile Theophanides
National Technical University of Athens, Chemical Engineering Department,
Radiation Chemistry and Biospectroscopy, Zografou Campus, Zografou, Athens
Greece

CONTENTS : 


Section 1 Minerals and Glasses .


 1 Using Infrared Spectroscopy to Identify New Amorphous Phases – A Case Study of Carbonato Complex Formed by Mechanochemical Processing 13 Tadej Rojac, Primož Šegedin and Marija Kosec

 2 Application of Infrared Spectroscopy to Analysis of Chitosan/Clay Nanocomposites 43 Suédina M.L. Silva, Carla R.C. Braga, Marcus V.L. Fook, Claudia M.O. Raposo, Laura H. Carvalho and Eduardo L. Canedo

 3 Structural and Optical Behavior of Vanadate-Tellurate Glasses Containing PbO or Sm2O3 63 E. Culea, S. Rada, M. Culea and M. Rada

 4 Water in Rocks and Minerals – Species, Distributions, and Temperature Dependences 77 Jun-ichi Fukuda

 5 Attenuated Total Reflection – Infrared Spectroscopy Applied to the Study of Mineral – Aqueous Electrolyte Solution Interfaces: A General Overview and a Case Study 97 Grégory Lefèvre, Tajana Preočanin and Johannes Lützenkirchen

 6 Research of Calcium Phosphates Using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy 123 Liga Berzina-Cimdina and Natalija Borodajenko

 7 FTIR Spectroscopy of Adsorbed Probe Molecules for Analyzing the Surface Properties of Supported Pt (Pd) Catalysts 149 Olga B. Belskaya, Irina G. Danilova, Maxim O. Kazakov, Roman M. Mironenko, Alexander V. Lavrenov and Vladimir A. Likholobov

 8 Hydrothermal Treatment of Hokkaido Peat – An Application of FTIR and 13C NMR Spectroscopy on Examining of Artificial Coalification Process and Development 179 Anggoro Tri Mursito and Tsuyoshi Hirajima


Section 2 Polymers and Biopolymers .


 9 FTIR – An Essential Characterization Technique for Polymeric Materials 195 Vladimir A. Escobar Barrios, José R. Rangel Méndez, Nancy V. Pérez Aguilar, Guillermo Andrade Espinosa and José L. Dávila Rodríguez

 10 Preparation and Characterization of PVDF/PMMA/Graphene Polymer Blend Nanocomposites by Using ATR-FTIR Technique 213 Somayeh Mohamadi

 11 Reflectance IR Spectroscopy 233 Zahra Monsef Khoshhesab

 12 Evaluation of Graft Copolymerization of Acrylic Monomers Onto Natural Polymers by Means Infrared Spectroscopy 245 José Luis Rivera-Armenta, Cynthia Graciela Flores-Hernández,
Ruth Zurisadai Del Angel-Aldana, Ana María Mendoza-Martínez,
Carlos Velasco-Santos and Ana Laura Martínez-Hernández

 13 Applications of FTIR on Epoxy Resins – Identification, Monitoring the Curing Process, Phase Separation and Water Uptake 261 María González González, Juan Carlos Cabanelas and Juan Baselga

 14 Use of FTIR Analysis to Control the Self-Healing Functionality of Epoxy Resins 285 Liberata Guadagno and Marialuigia Raimondo

 15 Infrared Analysis of Electrostatic Layer-By-Layer Polymer Membranes Having Characteristics of Heavy Metal Ion Desalination 301 Weimin Zhou, Huitan Fu and Takaomi Kobayashi

 16 Infrared Spectroscopy as a Tool to Monitor Radiation Curing 325 Marco Sangermano, Patrick Meier and Spiros Tzavalas


Section 3 Materials Technology .


 17 Characterization of Compositional Gradient Structure of Polymeric Materials by FTIR Technology 339 Alata Hexig and Bayar Hexig

 18 Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy – Useful Analytical Tool for Non-Destructive Analysis 353 Simona-Carmen Litescu, Eugenia D. Teodor, Georgiana-Ileana Truica, Andreia Tache and Gabriel-Lucian Radu

 19 Infrared Spectroscopy in the Analysis of Building and Construction Materials 369 Lucia Fernández-Carrasco, D. Torrens-Martín, L.M. Morales and Sagrario Martínez-Ramírez

 20 Infrared Spectroscopy Techniques in the Characterization of SOFC Functional Ceramics 383 Daniel A. Macedo, Moisés R. Cesário, Graziele L. Souza, Beatriz Cela, Carlos A. Paskocimas, Antonio E. Martinelli, Dulce M. A. Melo and Rubens M. Nascimento

 21 Infrared Spectroscopy of Functionalized Magnetic Nanoparticles 405 Perla E. García Casillas, Claudia A. Rodriguez Gonzalez and Carlos A. Martínez Pérez

 22 Determination of Adsorption Characteristics of Volatile Organic Compounds Using Gas Phase FTIR Spectroscopy Flow Analysis 421 Tarik Chafik

 23 Identification of Rocket Motor Characteristics from Infrared Emission Spectra 433 N. Hamp, J.H. Knoetze, C. Aldrich and C. Marais

 24 Optical Technologies for Determination of Pesticide Residue 453 Yankun Peng, Yongyu Li and Jingjing Chen

 25 High Resolution Far Infrared Spectra of the Semiconductor Alloys Obtained Using the Synchrotron Radiation as Source 467 E.M. Sheregii

 26 Effective Reaction Monitoring of Intermediates by ATR-IR Spectroscopy Utilizing Fibre Optic Probes 493 Daniel Lumpi and Christian Braunshier .




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