Open Access Medical Books



Edited by Muhammad Akhyar Farrukh .

270 pages .
Open Access .
ISBN 978-953-307-817-5

Spectroscopy is the study of absorption and emission of electromagnetic radiation due to the interaction between matter and energy, which depends on the wavelength of the respective radiation.
Analytical Chemistry is the branch of chemistry that deals with the study of qualitative, as well as quantitative analysis, of samples. Different spectroscopic techniques like UV-Visible, Atomic Absorption, Flame Emission, Molecular Fluorescence, Phosphorescence, Chemiluminescence, Infrared, Nuclear Magnetic Resonance, Raman, X-Ray, Mass, Electron, Mössbauer are being used for this purpose.
Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) is one of the spectroscopic and analytical techniques, used for the qualitative and quantitative determination of elements employing the absorption of electromagnetic energy of a particular wavelength, usually ultraviolet or visible region, by free atoms in the gaseous state. The technique is being used for the determination of metals in different samples like food, drugs, nanomaterials, biomaterials, environmental, forensics and industrial wastes.
There is a dire need to provide scholars all over the world with the recent advancements going on in research using analytical techniques. This book is an effort of the authors in the field of AAS, covering topics from basic to advanced levels.
The chapters in this book have been organized to keep the sequence in reading. In the first two chapters, introduction, history and basic principle of AAS have been described with detail instrumentation of all parts and sample preparation. Chapter 3 deals with elemental profiling, functions, dietary source, biochemistry and potential toxicity of metals along with comparative techniques used for the analysis. As sample preparation techniques are the most beneficial for proper analysis, chapter 4 discusses the microextraction techniques which are characteristics for an ideal sample preparation. Keeping in view the importance of nanomaterials and refractory materials, chapter 5 and 6 highlight the ways to characterize these materials by using AAS. The interference effects between elements can be characterized using a simplified rate model and through thermodynamic equilibrium approach as explained in chapter 7. The importance of metals in food and biological samples and their characterization with AAS have been given in chapters 8-11. Carbon capture and mineral storage, leaching experiments and estimation of metal contents by comparative techniques have been explained in chapter 12.
The book will provide a good resource for teaching and research purposes.

Muhammad Akhyar Farrukh
Department of Chemistry
G.C. University Lahore


 1 Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS) 1 R. García and A. P. Báez

 2 State-of-the-Art and Trends in Atomic Absorption Spectrometry 13 Hélcio José Izário Filho, Rodrigo Fernando dos Santos Salazar, Maria da Rosa Capri, Ângelo Capri Neto, Marco Aurélio Kondracki de Alcântara and André Luís de Castro Peixoto

 3 Elemental Profiling: Its Role and Regulations 37 Ajai Prakash Gupta and Suphla Gupta

 4 Microextraction Techniques as a Sample Preparation Step for Metal Analysis 61 Pourya Biparva and Amir Abbas Matin

 5 Application of Atomic Absorption for Determination of Metal Nanoparticles in Organic Inorganic Nanocomposites 89 Roozbeh Javad Kalbasi and Neda Mosaddegh

 6 Flame Spectrometry in Analysis of Refractory Oxide Single Crystals 105 T.V. Sheina and K.N. Belikov

 7 Interference Effects of Excess Ca, Ba and Sr on Mg Absorbance During Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry: Characterization in Terms of a Simplified Collisional Rate Model 131 Mark F. Zaranyika, Albert T. Chirenje and Courtie Mahamadi

 8 Nutritional Metals in Foods by AAS 143 Mary Millikan

 9 Comparative Assessment of the Mineral Content of a Latin American Raw Sausage Made by Traditional or Non-Traditional Processes 167 Roberto González-Tenorio, Ana Fernández-Diez, Irma Caro and Javier Mateo

 10 Analysis of High Solid Content in Biological Samples by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry 183 Lué-Merú Marcó Parra

 11 Mineral Content and Physicochemical Properties in Female Rats Bone During Growing Stage 201 Margarita Hernández-Urbiola, Astrid L. Giraldo-Betancur, Daniel Jimenez-Mendoza, Esther Pérez-Torrero, Isela Rojas–Molina, María de los Angeles Aguilera-Barreiro, Carolina Muñoz-Torres and Mario E. Rodríguez-García

 12 Activation of Bentonite and Talc by Acetic Acid as a Carbonation Feedstock for Mineral Storage of CO2 221 Petr Ptáček, Magdaléna Nosková, František Šoukal, Tomáš Opravil, Jaromír Havlica and Jiří Brandštetr .

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Published by: Unknown - Thursday, July 11, 2013


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