Open Access Medical Books



Edited by Gian Nicola Bisciotti and Cristiano Eirale .

332 pages .
Open Access .
ISBN 978-953-51-1198-6 .

Muscle injuries are one of the most common problems in sports medicine. In particular, muscle tears are one of more frequent causes of sport activity suspension. For example, in football, the most popular sport in the world, almost one on four injuries are hamstrings strain; therefore, a team composed by 25 players should expect on average 10 hamstring injuries per season (Ekstrand et al., 2001). Taking into consideration all locations, muscle injuries represent nearly 1/3 of all the "time-loss injury” observed in male professional football and 92% of those affect the 4 major muscle groups of the lower limb (the quadriceps, the hamstring, the adductors and the calves). Again, a team consisting of 25 players should expect on average 15 indirect muscle injuries per season with an average severity of 2 weeks for each injury (Eirale and Ekstrand, 2013). Despite the huge impact of muscle injuries into the majority of sports activities, evidence in the literature on their treatment and prevention is still lacking. Commonly, rehabilitation protocols of muscle injury are based on empirical data or on personal experience of the physician and/or therapist or, at best, based on experts’ opinion. For this reason, the management of these therapeutic interventions should be at least based on a precise knowledge of the biological and physiological basis of muscle injury. We believe, in fact, that only a perfect knowledge of the mechanisms of muscle repair can overcome, although not completely, to the lack of validated protocols. This conviction has led us to bring together an international pool of Sports Medicine experts able to provide the latest updates on some aspects of muscle injuries in sports. In particular, we focused our attention on the of muscle tears biology, treatment and prevention. We hope that this textbook may be a useful didactic tool for physicians, physical therapists, athletic trainers and all those engaged in this specific Sports Medicine field.

Gian Nicola Bisciotti
Senior Coordinator Kinemove Rehabilitation Centers,
Pontremoli , Parma, La Spezia, Italy
Lead Physiologist c/o Qatar Orthopedic and Sport Medicine Hospital,
FIFA Center of Excellence, Doha, Qatar

Cristiano Eirale
Aspetar Hospital, Doha, Qatar


I - General Aspect of Muscle Injuries .

 1 Etiology, Biology and Treatment of Muscular Lesions 3 Gian Nicola Bisciotti and Cristiano Eirale

2 Nutritional Interventions as Potential Strategy to Minimize Exercise-Induced Muscle Injuries in Sports 63 Giuseppe D’Antona

II - Imaging and Clinical Evaluation of Muscle Injuries .

 3 Diagnostic Imaging in Muscle Injury 97 Massimo Manara, Danilo Manari and Giulio Pasta

 4 Overview of Different Location of Muscle Strain 135 Francisco Arroyo

III - Treatment of Muscle Injuries .

 5 Medical Treatment of Muscle Lesion 157 Cristiano Eirale and Giannicola Bisciotti

 6 Conservative Treatment of Muscle Injuries: From Scientific Evidence to Clinical Practice 169 Andrea Foglia, Massimo Bitocchi, Manuela Gervasi, Gianni Secchiari and Angelo Cacchio

 7 The Treatment of Muscle Hematomas 203 Maria Conforti

 8 Surgical Treatment 221 Giuliano Cerulli, Enrico Sebastiani, Giacomo Placella, Matteo Maria Tei, Andrea Speziali and Pierluigi Antinolfi

IV - Muscle Injuries Prevention .

 9 How and When to Use an Injury Prevention Intervention in Soccer 241 Alexandre Dellal, Karim Chamari and Adam Owen

 10 Prevention of Muscle Injuries — The Soccer Model 275 M. Giacchino and G. Stesina

 11 Muscle Injuries in Professional Soccer Players During the Month of Ramadan 305 Karim Chamari, Alexandre Dellal and Monoem Haddad .

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Published by: Unknown - Monday, November 4, 2013


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